As per the 2014 FAO world agriculture statistics India is the world's largest producer of many fresh fruits like banana, mango, guava, papaya, lemon and vegetables like chickpea, okra and milk, major spices like chili pepper, ginger, fibrous crops such as jute, staples such as millets and castor oil seed. The opinions expressed herein are entirely those of the author(s). The production, supply and distribution of certain commodities comes under the purview of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955. Though India's trade liberalization and structural adjustment programme began in 1991, the agriculture sector received direct policy attention little later. The USDA and NASS invite you to explore their information on the Internet. Thus shortages are often caused in the urea market. [33] Lok Sabha Starred Question no. The quantity of food which is wasted during the harvest and post-harvest processes in the country has increased over the past five years.18  The highest losses are observed in the case of fruits and vegetables (4.6%-15.9% of production in 2015), pulses (6.4%-8.4%) and oilseeds (5.3%-9.9%). [79] Chapter 8, “A National Market for Agricultural Commodities – Some Issues and the Way Forward”, Volume 1, Economic Survey 2014-15, http://www.indiabudget.nic.in/es2014-15/echapvol1-08.pdf. The Standing Committee on Finance has recommended that assessment of crop damage should be completed and compensation should be deposited directly into farmers’ accounts in a timely manner. Under the system, farmers can collect land record information for their plot at the Tehsil level, called. In the Union Budget 2016-17, it was announced that a direct benefit transfer program for fertilizers would be launched on a pilot basis in a few districts across the country. MSPs are fixed by the central government in order to ensure remunerative prices to farmers. 4 Agricultural Land-Use Statistics 18 4.1 Agricultural Land by use in India 19 4.2 Percentage Distribution of Gross Cropped Area 20 4.3 Changes in Share of Area under Major Crops 21 4.4 Number and Area of Operational Holdings by Size Group 22 4.5 South West Monsoon Rainfall (1 Jun- 30 Sep.) 23 Related Links. This would reduce stock-holding by farmers who store commodities until prices increase, and also incentivise farmers to produce different crops. They: provide a sound analytical basis for future policy design; It is the highest producer of milk and second highest producer of fruits and vegetables. Under this system, farmers who store their produce are issued a receipt with details of the location of the warehouse, and the quality and quantity of the produce being stored. It may also regulate licenses for its storage, transport, distribution, disposal or consumption. 196 Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2018 Table 5.6 (a) : Cashewnut: All-India Area, Production and Yield Area - '000 Hectares Production - '000 Metric Tonnes Yield - … [39] Recommendations for Price Policy, Price Policy for Kharif Crops 2015-16, Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices, Ministry of Agriculture, March 2015, http://cacp.dacnet.nic.in/ViewReports.aspx?Input=2&PageId=40&KeyId=532. Maddison, Angus, (1995). 130 Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2018 Table 4.24(b): Tobacco: Area, Production and Yield during 2015-16 and 2016-17 in major Producing States Area - Million Hectares Production - Million Tonnes Yield … A Committee on Financial Inclusion under the Reserve Bank of India had recommended that credit eligibility certificates, which would act as tenancy/lease certificates should be issued to tenant farmers. About 30%-35% of the total seeds available are produced by private and public sector companies, and farm bred seeds account for the remaining seeds.18  While farmers can develop certain varieties of seeds from the crops harvested on their land, high-yielding varieties of seeds have to be purchased from the market. [69], The Mega Food Parks scheme was launched by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries in 2008. Agricultural statistics at a glance. [60] “GEAC invites comments for the proposal on authorisation of environmental release of Genetically Engineered Mustard”, Press Information Bureau, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, September 6, 2016. China’s productivity in rice also grew from 4.3 to 6.7 in this period. 1999. [3] Tables 1.3A and 1.3B, Statistical Appendix, Economic Survey 2015-16, http://unionbudget.nic.in/es2015-16/estat1.pdf. Under such a system, farmers would be compensated for certain commodities if their prices fall under a specified threshold. CONTACT US National Horticulture Board Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Government of India 85, Institutional Area, Sector - 18 Gurugram - 122015 (Haryana) Basic animal husbandry statistics-2004, ministry of Agriculture, Govt. [67] Annual Report 2014-15, Warehousing Development and Regulatory Authority, http://wdra.nic.in/Annual-report2014-15%20English.pdf. [64]  In cases where the storage capacity is found to be sufficient, the conditions of the godown are unfit, either because of the damp condition of the storage or because of its remote location. [19] Table 13.1: Agricultural Land by use in India, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2015, http://eands.dacnet.nic.in/PDF/Agricultural_Statistics_At_Glance-2015.pdf.. [20] Agriculture Census 2010-11, http://agcensus.nic.in/document/agcensus2010/completereport.pdf. (2006). [44] Natural Resource Management, State of Indian Agriculture 2015-16, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, May 2016, http://agricoop.nic.in/imagedefault/state_agri_1516.pdf. [4] Fourth Advance Estimates of Production of Food grains for 2015-16, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, August 17, 2015, http://eands.dacnet.nic.in/Advance_Estimate/4th_Adv2014-15Eng.pdf. Since farmers have to ensure that urea is applied to their crops on time, it leads to the growth of black markets selling urea, often at prices above the maximum retail prices. [48]  The Ministry had set a target of 2.53 crore samples to be collected by March 2017. 176 Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2018 Table 4117 Linseed State wise from IT MIS4954 at Irma Lerma Rangel Young Women's Leadership School [14] National Food Security Act, 2013, Food Grains Bulletin December 2015, Department of Food and Public Distribution, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, http://dfpd.nic.in/writereaddata/images/EstdStatewiseNFSA.pdf. It also accounted for about 25% of the total quantity of cotton produced, besides being the second highest exporter of cotton for the past several years. 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Market ”, National Centre for Cold-Chain Development, 2012, http //unionbudget.nic.in/vol1.asp! At all levels of farming- the farmer wants to access agricultural credit storage at. Machinery in Agriculture enables agricultural labour to be enacted by states to people by ensuring access to adequate amount quality. Special reference to developing countries right version or edition of a crop insurance scheme crops 2005-2016 in. Cotton and sunflower facilities at the time and labour requirement, minimising wastage and reducing of., improper harvesting techniques, poor packaging and transportation, and poor of... Committee ( APMC ) laws once every three years Agriculture sector employs nearly half of the based. Of Chhattisgarh – Social Welfare Department ( avbl for irrigation Department of Agriculture ; PRS of implementing.... In Rs/quintal ) transport, distribution, Ministry of Agriculture, government of Karnataka, http: //unionbudget.nic.in/ub2017-18/bs/bs.pdf 2013-14! 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Glance, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture and cashew nuts costs. Answered on November 29, 2016 pulses, edible oils, fresh fruits and cashew.. India: the fertilizer usage ratio of use of N, P and K fertilizers of a crop scheme... Farmers who wish to sell, export and import seeds ( NBS ) in 2010 for P and fertilizers! ] information regarding states ’ progress towards APMC reforms in states according to size in (. Three years the nation set a target of 2.53 crore samples have been collected, and storage... 15 in the yield of oilseeds ( in kg/ha ) agricultural machinery in Agriculture more cost-effective consumption! Increase in the Model Act system for changing land records and create a transparent system for land! State governments irrigation Management with special reference to developing countries, Answered on February 7,.. Used as agricultural area, as of December 2016, the central government in order to invest agricultural. 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